what is the main difference between VSEPR THEORY and LEWIS structures ?

Lewis structures only help to explain the electronic arrangement of a molecule while VSEPR theory helps in determining the shape of molecules.

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There is no direct relationship between the formula of a compound and the shape of its molecules. The shapes of these molecules can be predicted from their Lewis structures, however, with a model developed about 30 years ago, known as thevalence-shell electron-pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory.

The VSEPR theory assumes that each atom in a molecule will achieve a geometry that minimizes the repulsion between electrons in the valence shell of that atom. The five compounds shown in the figure below can be used to demonstrate how the VSEPR theory can be applied to simple molecules.

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